Depression and Alcohol addiction are two very distinct things, yet they go hand in hand when it gets to the causes and the signs of addiction and depression. Addiction is defined as “the continued dependence upon a substance, idea, or situation for defeating stress or increasing pleasure.” In contrast, depression is defined as “a mood condition that includes feelings of sadness and anxiety. “Depression is associated with alcohol use as a psychiatric disease. This two-directional relationship is more likely to occur in people who misuse the drugs. alcoholic are more likely to drink alcohol or misuse medicines to stabilize their mood, thoughts, to avoid guilt feelings or despair. However, drugs, i.e., alcohol, are depressants.
There is an Obvious Correlation between Depression and Alcohol in mental disease and so is between Alcohol addiction. The National Economic Research Bureau estimates that individuals living with a psychological disease drink 69% of nationwide alcohol and 84% of nationwide cocaine at some period in a lifetime. When a person is affected with Alcohol addiction disease, this is referred to as a dual diagnosis.
It is also illustrated in one of the most moving talks I ever heard was given by former U.S. Senator George McGovern. George McGovern, who is a former United States Senator, also addresses people about this Alcohol critical issue. He persuasively talked about his daughter Terry, who has been passed out. He described everything he and his wife need to help her survive against Depression and Alcohol disease. He was surprised and felt thunderstruck when Minister and Police Officer came to inform him about Terry’s death. She becomes faint because of drinking alcohol, then got frozen, and in the frigid air, she passed out. Senator McGovern also wrote this Story in his book, titles Terry(1997). In which he writes about his daughter’s tragic death.
He further wrote about Terry’s battle “was dealt an unfair double hand: depression and alcohol were partner demons. They were ghosts that were always in conflict with several qualities of her personality, which were sunny and warm”.
The Story demonstrated real scenarios and struggled Terry, and her family suffered through. This book also clarifies the relationship between Alcohol addiction and further explains how Alcoholism is associated with Depression intensifies healing.
Depression and addiction are comorbid conditions as are Depression and Alcohol. The National Institute of Health Sciences in Epidemiologic Catchment Area research reports that about one-third of people suffering from Depression are mostly involved in taking addictive substances at a certain phase in their life. According to the National Comorbidity research states, men who were addicted to alcohol have three times more risk of depression than the general population. In contrast, women with alcohol consumption have four times prone to face Depression. Clinical Studies upon Alcohol in Population revealed a higher incidence of these disorders, according to Daley and Moss 2000. Many individuals suffer from a Reoccurrence of depressive disorder, dysthymia (a severe depression), or both Depression and dysthymia can collectively be termed as Doubled Depression.
People affected with Alcohol addiction are also prone to develop other DSM IV includes Bipolar, uncertain Anxiety, Addictive behavior, and other personality disorders. In a recent study of 153 patients receiving treatment at different Alcohol diction treatment centers, Patients have a mean beck type of Depression; inventory score was 18.8, which represents a mild level, and mean Beck Anxiety Inventory score of 23.3 represents a moderate level. Although these patients were fresh admission cases in Addiction Clinics. Of which 31.4 percent were addicted to antidepressant drugs, 10.5 percent were addicted to mood-stabilizing drugs, 8.5 percent were taking anxiety medication, and 7.8 percent were taking anti-psychotics drugs.
The hypomanic episode Initially develops in women with depression and alcohol, while the addiction most often develops in men first. For several, these illnesses are associated with symptoms that intensify each other. Most of these are chronic disorders that should be handled in a lengthy period.
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Several research & publications report negative consequences of addictive and psychological disorders including Depression and Alcohol. Kids with Alcoholic parents are at increase risk of drug addiction, behavior disorders, mental illnesses. Parental drug addiction has been the source of numerous familial issues, including divorce, separation, abandonment of a partner, domestic violence. Kids of Psychologically depressed mothers are at more risk of developing a psychological illness. In a Family with a depressive parent, the incidence of “multi-problematic” children is eight times greater than normal.
Research held by the Author and his fellows at Western Psychiatry center and Pits burgh University Medical Center demonstrates that patients with depression and alcohol behaviors are riskier to suicide, homicide, poor prognosis, and a Reoccurrence Ratio. In a performance improvement survey of 140 outpatients, patients classified the impact of their dual disorder on their family members as “severe.” Issues arising from their abnormal condition include emotional & economic stress on their family members, Failure, and negligence to handle certain family members or children.
Skilled therapy and participation in rehabilitation will help patients and their families manage their Alcohol conditions and improve their quality of life. Psychodynamic therapy, psychotherapy, emotion management, antidepressants, and Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT ) are successful therapies for Alcohol. According to Daley and These treatments must be “incorporated” and took beyond relieving symptoms by aiding the patient in engaging in a healing process.
Alcohol addiction starts with the feeling of emptiness. This feeling may be deep and profound. The person in Alcohol has to feel this way for him to overcome the habit. He needs to identify what it is that makes him feel depressed or empty. When a person is depressed, he feels lonely, unfulfilled, unappreciated, and unattractive. He cannot express his feelings fully. Sometimes a person uses drugs or alcohol as a means of self-healing. These substances give a temporary sense of well-being and happiness. However, these same substances also make us want more, and we fall into Depression and Alcohol.
Depression is a mood state wherein a person loses interest in his surroundings and himself. He becomes apathetic and lacks interest in anything and everything. Two things happen when a person suffers from Depression and Alcohol: he either goes back to his old habits or develops new behavior because he cannot cope with the depression.
An addiction is a psychological dependence on something. People with Alcohol regularly go through emotional and physical changes. Most addicts use substances because they provide the means to numb their feelings of loneliness, pain, or unhappiness. They also give them a sense of purpose and meaning. They feel that if they don’t do these things, they will somehow lose themselves and their bodies and end up in an addiction.
One of the significant symptoms of Alcohol is a lack of concentration, persistent negative emotions, and a pessimistic view of life. Another symptom of Depression and Alcohol is a deep sadness for an extended period. One of the reasons why addictions become destructive is because one tends to perceive the world negatively, and this leads to a deep-seated need for something that will provide the “fix” for these feelings of sadness and loneliness.
Alcohol addiction should not be confused with each other. Addiction is simply a condition where the person requires a certain amount of substances to function normally and feel good about himself. The use of these substances usually ends up causing physical dependency. When a person goes through a severe addiction, he will have to have continuous therapy, counseling, and professionals assistance to help him deal with his addictions. Depression, on the other hand, is not an addiction. It can be defined as a state of mind or an attitude where the person generally feels terrible and has low self-esteem.
Although both Depression and Alcohol addiction should not be treated as the same thing, they are often treated as one when they are two separate illnesses. Depression can often lead to an addiction as it makes a person start searching for another fix for their problems. They constantly crave something to make them feel better and happy. This may be in the form of alcohol, food, or drugs. Unfortunately, if left untreated, this person will begin to use them in an attempt to feel better and consequently fall into a more profound depression.
The symptoms of Depression and Alcohol mentioned above are severe disorders that should not be taken lightly. These disorders have different ways of manifesting themselves, but they can either be dealt with or lead to more significant issues such as suicide. If you suspect that you or someone you know might be suffering from any of the two, you should seek professional help. Alcohol addiction should never be mistaken for the same thing, and they should never be treated as such. Instead, get yourself checked out so that you can get proper treatment for your illness.
Having Alcohol addiction increases one’s risk of other disorders. Anyone suffering from psychiatric Depression must be treated for an addiction disorder. Anyone with Alcohol should be evaluated for psychological Depression. Abstention over many months Sometimes the need to checkup to diagnose psychological disorder or Reoccurrence.
Addiction means that a person becomes so involved with their addiction that they no longer care about living normally. Depression, on the other hand, means that you are not able to live normally because of your addiction. These two Depression and Alcohol conditions are incredibly similar and, if left untreated, can destroy your life. There are many different ways that an addict and a depressed person can interact with each other and their people. There are even specific treatments for each highly successful condition.
Alcohol addiction, when they do not receive treatment, can devastate a person’s life. People can become crippled by their addiction. Family members are forced to leave the person or house, and their peers often shun the person. Friends and loved ones who used to offer support are now concerned about how they are doing and if they need help themselves.
For a person who suffers from Depression and Alcohol, certain circumstances may enable them to overcome their addiction. Usually, this requires professional and outside medical help. Medical detoxification of Alcohol involves isolating the patient from their current situation and providing them with the assistance they need to help their recovery. It is essential for the people around the addict to assist them in this process as well. The first way that Alcohol addiction affect a person is through the chemical changes in the brain. When a person suffers from depression, they are unable to think clearly or focus on things properly. The need for self-consumption only drives their thinking. This causes them to make poor decisions and costly mistakes.
Most addicts of Alcohol are also suffering from a lack of self-esteem. They are under the constant pressure of their image, and they cannot rely on anyone but themselves for validation. This makes them easy to manipulate. A depressed person cannot understand why they are not living the life they want to live and will start to seek answers for why they are suffering. The following way that Alcohol Addiction affect a person is through the environmental stress they are subjecting themselves to. If the person is addicted to something or drinking too much, they will always be under intense pressure. This will make them weak and fragile. It will weaken their immune system to the point that they can quickly become seriously ill.
The final way that Alcohol addiction can affect a person is through the abuse that they are receiving. Depression and drug addiction can cause an enormous amount of psychological and physical pain. It can leave the person with a severe psychiatric problem that needs medical attention. However, if they choose to go to the doctors, they may not get the treatment of issue of Depression and Alcohol that they need. This means that they are left with more problems and more psychological pain than before.
When you consider the menaces that Alcohol addiction can cause, it is essential to make sure that you can get help for your problem. This will ensure that you will not have to suffer for the rest of your life. You should seek help as soon as possible. If you do not, your addiction could get worse and eventually result in death. When you are trying to work through your Alcohol addiction, you are going to feel overwhelmed. This is entirely normal. This is also something that you should be glad to know. The more help you get to get off of the addiction, the better off you will be. One thing that people who have Alcohol addiction have in common is that they need support. They need to talk about their problems and get the help that they need. Even if they are sharing what they are feeling, it can change their lives for the better. For a long time, many people could not even tell their friends about their addictions and depression. If you can open up to someone, the world will benefit for sure.
Depression and Alcohol addiction are the two most influential forces in a person’s life. They can ruin an individual’s life very quickly. There is no reason why this should happen, though. By getting the help that you need, you can make a significant change in your life. Alcohol are the worst of both worlds, and by working through them, you can change the course of your life. You don’t have to let them control every move that you make in life, but at least you can feel their presence when they are around. Although many psychological disorders recover by substance Abstention, few individuals appear to suffer from Depression and Alcohol conditions that necessitate care. Sobriety does not always imply a better mood because patient’s moods can worsen after they become sober. If all disorders are not properly treated, partial recovery will occur. When individuals want to drink alcohol or use other medications, they will not get the full benefits of therapy. If severe mood symptoms exist, the condition of Depression and Alcohol can not be successfully treated.
For any Alcohol disorder, Adherence is therapy to achieve productive results, as dual disorder patients have poorer medication adherence rates than patients with just one type of condition; this problem should be considered when planning a treatment strategy. Motivation, care, and education also enhance patient compliance and have a beneficial effect on Depression and Alcohol treatment results. (Daley & Zuckoff, 1998).
The treatment of Depression and Alcohol, or dual disorders can be accomplished in a number of ways that are effective in this field (Daley & Moss, 2002).
When a patient is suffering from depression of mild to moderate severity, they often respond to therapy alone, while more severe cases require a combination of therapy and medications. The information in clinical manuals describes many of the most effective treatments for depression and addiction. The clinical community should become aware of these evidence-based treatments and incorporate them into their clinical interventions, and be informed about the impact that they can have on clients(involved in Alcohol issues) (Weissman, Markowitz & Klerman, 2000).
A treatment manual published by NCADI describes behavioural therapies that are effective in treatment trials approved by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and NIDA. It can be downloaded for free from NCADI. A number of 12-Step Facilitation Therapy manuals are available at the NIAAA. These include motivational enhance therapy, and cognitive-behavioral coping skills training.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse has several written writings and manuals that cover different types of substance abuse treatment. In addition to this, these treatments include individual therapy sessions, cognitive behaviour therapy, and group therapy as well. The challenge is to provide an integrated treatment program that addresses the Depression and Alcohol concurrently for clinicians.
Medicine for Psychological Depression
There are various effective drugs available in pharmacies to treat Alcohol, probably more chronic and persistent forms. While both antidepressants are efficient, the latest Serotonin serum reuptake inhibitor has fewer side effects and is lesser life-threatening in overdose than others. To successfully relieve Alcohol symptoms, certain patients need additional medication or mood-stabilizing medicine. Patients with persistent major Depression (Kupfer et al, 1992) need continuous pharmacotherapy. Patients who remain on their medications even after depression recovery have the least chance of recurrence.
Medicine for Addiction
Medicines can help addiction-dependent patients recover from the physical effects of Alcohol in a healthy and relaxed manner. Medication has various other uses, but these medicines are commonly used in conjunction with psychiatric therapy. ORLAAM and Dolophine are replacement drugs for narcotics users who struggled to stay away from them. They provide the addict with the ability to survive without the use of opioids. Naloxone is an “inhibitor” prescribed to prevent or “stop” the euphoric feeling that opioid medications produce in patients with Alcohol; it can also trigger withdrawal symptoms. Buprenorphine is a drug that decreases opiate cravings, withdrawal symptoms, and euphoria. Naloxone aims to minimize the incidence of alcoholic relapses by suppressing cravings.
Medicine and counseling together are among the most appropriate Alcohol therapeutic protocols for several psychological disorders.
Shock Therapy is a medical procedure in which artificially seizures (without muscle hysterics) are electrically stimulated in patients to provide relief from Alcohol or a psychiatric disorder.
Ancillary Services & Case Management
Case management, psychological therapy, occupational rehabilitation, and supportive care are often needed for clients with more serious and debilitating conditions to overcome Alcohol other major issues.
It is believed that depression can be a risk factor for suicide both by itself and in conjunction with the abuse of substances (Cornelius et al.). The Clients (that Involves in Both Depression and Alcohol) Could Benefit from Being Educated on Warning Signs of Suicidal Behaviour that May Include:
- Feelings of hopelessness in life and of the fact that life is not worth living
- Discussing the issue of suicide in more detail
- Creating a will in preparation for death is part of preparing for death.
- Donating important possessions
- Mood changes such as a worsening of negative emotions (i.e. feeling much more down-hearted and hopeless)
- An increase in the risk of developing chronic illnesses (chronic diseases, diseases of the nervous system, etc.) increases the risk of developing chronic diseases.
- Feelings of dread, no matter whether a depressive episode accompanies it, or feelings of utter hopelessness (this is often a symptom of a mood disorder such as panic attacks)
- Drinking more or using other drugs
- The change in the way you look or how you behave can significantly impact your self-esteem and self-confidence.
Issues of Family in Relation to Depression and Alcohol
Daley & Miller (2001) advise an investigation of the experiences and needs of the family and the experiences and conditions of the individual. Family members with an addiction can benefit significantly from the involvement in a professional treatment program and participate in self-help programs. To help families cope with loved ones’ disorders, we need information, support and practical help. Whether a client is depressed or addicted, you should always consider the impact that such behaviors will have on the client’s children.
Patient participation in self‐help programs should be admired, such as psychological health or stress peer support, NA or dual treatment programs; however, recovery from Addiction and Depression is a lifetime journey. Since there is no clear road to rehabilitation, it is helpful for patients to provide choices to choose.
Understanding Relapse and Recurrence
Clients who suffer from major depression have a 50% chance of experiencing another episode. In the case of a second episode, there is a greater chance of another occurrence; this probability is 80%; and if the risk increases to 90% at the time of a third episode. Accordingly, at least half of people who suffer from major depression will experience it again at some point in their lives (Thase, 1999).
Addiction is a disease that is highly complex and often results in recurrent episodes for many patients. Relapse can lead to subsequent relapses. That’s why clients should learn to recognize and recognize warning signs of relapse as well as high-risk situations. It is imperative that recovery and professional treatment work in conjunction to reduce the risk of relapse and this thing is important for depression and alcohol.
An addictive disorder such as addiction is often associated with depression, commonly known as co-occurring disorders, which can have numerous detrimental effects on the client and his or her family. If a person is suffering from both neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders, it may be beneficial to seek treatment from the same physician and treat Alcohol properly.
Since chronic and long-term disorders like these typically affect multiple generations of a family, clients should be encouraged to participate in an ongoing recovery process. Self-help programs are an excellent place to start continuing support. Therapy in combination with medication is often more effective to manage Alcohol.
Table 1: Priority Areas for Rehabilitation of Depression and Alcohol
Physical and Lifestyle
- Self Growth
- Lifestyle Modification
- Emotional Support
- Maintain a balanced diet
- Time to relax
- Distance from Addiction
- Prescribe medicines
- Treat health issues
- Manage to organize time
- Engage in Extracurricular activities
- Maintain life balance
- Emotional and Psychological support
- Motivation to change
- Fix Uncertainty
- Decrease negative thoughts to manage depression and alcohol
- Increase positive thoughts
- Replace unhealthy thoughts
- Enable Optimistic Approach to deal depression and alcohol
- Monitor moods
- Debilitate depression and anxiety
- Debilitate boredom and emptiness
- Decrease guilt and shame
- Managr anger
- Address “losses” (grief)
Personal Growth and Maintenance to Manage Depression and Alcohol
- Manage spirituality problemz
- Engage in meditation activity
- Form relapse prevention strategy for both disorders
- Employee “recovery tools” on ongoing basis
Family and Social to Tackle Depression and Alcohol
- Find aftermaths on family and significant relationships
- Involve family members in medical care and recovery to manage Alcohol
- Manage the family or marital dispute
- Overhaul the family or other significant people harmed
- Cater challenging people, places, and events to cater Alcohol
- Take part in non-drinking acts or healthy leisure routine
- Address relationship problems or deficits
- Take stand against societal pressure to drink alcohol or use various drug
- Solve work, school, economic, or legal conundrums
- Learn to cater rather than mutual conflicts
- Learn to find for assistance and basic support
- Participation in various support groups for both drug addiction & depression
- Assistance and use of an AA or NA sponsor to manage depression and Alcohol
Client Support Groups
- National Depressive & Manic-Depressive Association; www.ndmda.org; (800) 826-3632
- Moodswing.org; www.moodswing.org
- National Foundation for Depressive Illness, Inc; www.depression.org; (800) 239-1265
- Dual Recovery Anonymous (DRA); www.dualrecovery.org; (888) 869-9230
- SupportGroup.com; www.support-group.com
- Family Support Groups
- National Alliance for Mentally Ill; www.nami.org; (800) 950-6264
- Alanon and Naranon (check your local phone directory) to cater depression and alcohol
Ben Lesser is one of the most sought-after experts in health, fitness and medicine. His articles impress with unique research work as well as field-tested skills. We are honored to have Ben writing exclusively for Dualdiagnosis.org.