Treatment A-Z

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Last Updated on May 12, 2021 by Ben Lesser

Everything you need to comprehend about treatment

What is treatment?

Treatment refers to medical care given to a patient for an illness. There are different types of treatment methods:

  1. Surgery. This is a medical procedure that involves use of instrumental techniques on a person to treat a pathological condition.
  2. Chemotherapy.This is any treatment involving the use of drugs in order to stop the growth of dreadful cells such as cancer cells.
  3. Radiation Therapies.This is a local treatment used to eliminate visible tumors in the human body.
  4. Biological Therapy. A type of treatment that uses the body’s immune system to facilitate killing of disease cells.
  5. Hormonal Therapy. A type of treatment that involves use of drugs that block hormone production or change the way hormones work to control the spread of a disease.

Herbal Treatment

This is a type of treatment that involves use of medicinal plants to cure diseases. These plants contain substances that are used to prepare certain concortions that serve medicinal purposes. Herbal medicine are mainly used when conventional medicines are not efficient in treatment. Despite the fact that most herbal medicine are effective, they also have side effects:

  • Allergic reactions
  • Asthma
  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Mild or severe diarrhoea
  • Kidney failure

Advantages of using Herbal Treatment

  • Herbal medicine are more effective on chronic conditions
  • They are cheap.Herbal medicine cost less than prescribed medicine
  • They are readily available. One can even grow them around the home compound
  • They have less side effects compared to pharmaceutical drugs

Disadvantages of using Herbal Treatment

  • Herbal medicine are not effective against serious diseases like a broken limb
  • You can easily use herbal medicine to treat the wrong disease
  • They have a longer curing period compared to pharmaceutical drugs

Importance of Treatment

  • Treatment facilitates healing
  • It improves productivity in task performance
  • It prevents further complications that may lead to death
  • Availability of treatment gives people hope

Principles of treatment

  • Getting rid of the cause of the disease
  • To make a patient healthy again
  • It prevents the spread of a disease from an infected person to the healthy one
  • To reduce the symptoms of a disease 

 Barriers to Treatment

The following are barriers to effective treatment and progress:

  • Distractions. These are other activities that may derail your healing process by feeling lazy and hanging around with friends. This can be controlled through writing a list of the reasons therapy is important.
  • Fear.This is a major barrier to treatment. It could be fear of failure, fear to open up to a therapist. Fear can be controlled through a therapist’s intervention.
  • Unclear communication. This is where a client does not communicate well with the therapist. You should make sure that you spill out everything to the only person who can help.
  • Substance abuse and Severe symptoms. This is where the issues of mental illness can shift the attention away from present problems that need to be addressed.

What is Dual Diagnosis?

This refers to the condition of suffering from a mental illness and substance abuse. The idea of dual diagnosis can be used broadly,  For example anxiety and alcohol abuse or specified to severe mental illness and substance abuse disorder.

Causes of dual diagnosis

  • pre-existing mental illness
  • Post traumatic stress
  • Self medication and social anxiety. People who are not comfortable in social situations turn to alcohol drinking for them to function normally

One in four people with a mental problem are also likely to have a substance abuse disorder.

1. Dual diagnosis is a rampant disorder.

As many as half of those with a drug or alcohol addiction also have some type of mental disorder according to studies done by researchers.

2. Dual diagnosis could be in various types that is:

Any non substance concortion of mental problems (including phobia, anxiety disorder, depression) and substance addiction (alcohol, drugs, gambling, sex) can make a person a dual diagnosis patient. There are always many possibilities that you can imagine of.

3. Treatment of dual diagnoses is quite difficult.

Dual diagnosis is made quite difficult by the fact that it is not easy to tell where certain symptoms are coming from. For instance, when a dual diagnosis patient is undergoing anxiety, it is quite difficult to know if it is substance addiction or the person’s mental disorder that is bringing about the problem. Since anxiety is a symptom of many issues, it poses as a great obstacle to the medical practitioner who has to work hard to find the core cause of the problem.

>>> READ THIS NEXT: How to treat both mental health and addiction issues

4. Individuals having dual diagnoses are considered to be vulnerable patients

Dealing with mental illness is complicated enough, but when one considers the complications from substance addiction, it becomes simple to comprehend the high rates of suicidal deaths and violence from victims of dual diagnosis.

5. Individuals with pre-existing mental illness are most likely to go for substance addiction.

Once again, someone struggling with mental illness is likely to suffer from addiction. Individuals suffering from bipolar disorder, depression, anxiety, phobia and other conditions will experience quick addiction to drinking, using other addictive drugs.

6. Majority of the drug rehabilitation institutions are ment for substance addicts and not dual diagnosis patients 

Like we have observed, dual diagnosis is quite complex. Therefore only a few institutions that have a psychiatric staff and a keen interest in dual diagnosis are well structured to facilitate healing.

7. Integrated treatment is regarded as the most effective way of handling dual diagnosis

This treatment involves treating both disorders in the same place. There is use of medication and therapy. For some time, integrated treatment has proven to be the best strategy for use when dealing with this disorder.

8. Dual diagnosis treatment involves a long process and time

In rehabilitation centres, there is no hury especially for a person who is a substance addict. It may take years for you to complete the sessions depending on your problem and will to recover.

9. Quality dual diagnosis facilities put into consideration the comfort of the patients. Since you are dealing with mental disorder characteristics, you should organise the rehabilitation center in a way that the clients feel comfortable. If they are okay in that place, they can stay for as long as the sessions dictate.

10. Communicate as early as possible if you or any individual in your locality is suffering from this disorder.

Comprehending everything about these diseases and disorders is a vital beggining in trying to assist yourself or those around you.

Health risks of dual diagnosis

Due to continuous use of drugs, an individual is likely to face the following health risks:

  • Digestive disorders such as gastritis
  • Liver diseases like Liver cirrhosis and Liver cancer
  • Neurological disorders for example stroke and memory loss
  • Health problems such as hypertension, chronic heart disease and heart attack

Dual diagnosis and therapy

Therapy refers to the attempted remediation of a health problem, mainly after a medical diagnosis. There are different types of therapies although not all therapies are effective. Some can produce unwanted negative results. Dual diagnosis patients are always subjected to therapy. The most effective therapies for dual diagnosis is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. It is most effective in the field of substance and non substance addiction. Substance addiction involves use of drugs like Marijuana and oxycodone while non substance addiction includes things like anxiety, sex. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is effective in handling of the following disorders:

  • Sleep disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Phobias
  • Marital problems
  • Sexual disorders
  • Depression
  • Eating disorders
  • Bipolar disorders

Principles of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

  • Psychological problems that are at least partly based on patterns of unhelpful behaviours and those learnt.
  • Individuals dealing with psychological problems can learn better coping strategies that will heal them and lead to better lives.
  • Psychological disorders are partly based on faulty sequences

The most challenging part of the CBT process is getting people to change their way of thinking. It takes time and determination for a therapist. This therapy makes use of problem solving skills to help clients understand their behaviour. After understanding, the process of changing their behavioral patterns begins. It takes close to twenty sessions for a client to change. At times, CBT will involve crying, getting upset, but it’s all part of the treatment process.

You should note that CBT alone may not be effective for some clients therefore integrated approach is the best strategy here. It involves use of therapy and medication. For example a patient who is suffering from a mental illness will definitely require both. These approaches can be used together or have one go before the other. For instance, we can start with medication followed by therapy.

Dual diagnosis can be treated using alternative therapies and methods. The alternative methods could be: use of herbal medicine, massage, medication, stress management. Herbal medicine can be used to cure these disorders but when conventional drugs are not effective. Regular massage helps an individual to realax and forget about disturbing issues. Meditation in a quiet place helps the brain to relax and you end up feeling better. Stress will always be there, therefore learning about stress management gives you an added advantage.