Relation Between Pregnancy and Alcohol Abuse

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Last Updated on May 10, 2021 by Atif

Pregnancy and Alcohol abuse have a deep connection. The journey towards motherhood (such as pregnancy) is the most remember able and cherished memory in the life of the women. It’s unique in the sense a single body has two dashes in it. The systems breathing, heartbeats, nutrition health, everything is attached. The membrane that joins all these is called as placenta. The placenta, which binds a mother to her fetus, is incredibly permeable, which means that almost anything a woman brings into her body passes through to the fetus. So, considering the fetus of women we’ll try to analyze the relationship between pregnancy and alcohol abuse. Consequently, maximum doctors advise the patients to stay away from any drug that could be harmful, including alcohol abuse.

According to a report related to pregnancy and alcohol abuse, U.S. Centers for Disease Control that works for controlling Disease and Prevention, one in every thirteen women who are pregnant used to drink alcohol, with approximately one in five admitting that they used to drink four or more drinks in two hours.

Given the risks and consequences that have been widely advertised, medical professionals find it difficult to justify why women feel more pleasure in drinking during pregnancy than in regular times. 

Unfortunately, many articles on the relationship between pregnancy and alcohol abuse like this single since Slate, which lean towards to say, drinking while pregnancy isn’t all that dangerous, are all too common to see in women. These alternatives in the articles may influence women to follow the advice that appears to be more positive.

However, women may choose to drink in certain situations simply because of alcohol addiction. Consequently, they may lose all control over their actions. Physicians may find it challenging to discuss the issues during quick checkups of half an hour or less. On the same side, knowing about the specific risks women and their newborn babies face every pregnancy stage may help make the process easier. So, it is necessary to understand the dangerous relationship between pregnancy and alcohol abuse that risks mental health too.

Probabilities of The First Trimester

When some women experience recurring nausea and waves of discomfort in the weeks following fertilization, they become aware of their pregnancies almost immediately. Unfortunately, some women are not aware of the risky relationship between pregnancy and alcohol abuse. Sometimes they are unaware of their pregnancies during the initial weeks, which often results in continuity of drinking just because they are not aware of the new phase of life they have entered. They do not realize they are killing their unborn child as they teach the behaviour of drug consumption in the little life even before they arrive in the world. The behaviour consumption of alcohol can also cause mutations in the genes and develop the gene in the individual, which can guide them towards the dangerous habit of alcoholism. So, it is necessary to educate a pregnant woman about the risky relationship between pregnancy and alcohol.

Because drinking during the first women and the newborn baby trimester consider being the most dangerous time for a woman, it becomes essential to educate the woman about the dangers laying ahead due to pregnancy and alcohol abuse. The brain and spinal cord and the infant baby’s facial features and other physical characteristics are the time that is developing at this time. By the end of the first trimester, the baby is fully developed; however, it is small.

Pregnancy and alcohol problems do not affect all children born to alcoholic mothers, according to the researchers. Symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome also develop as a result of inheritance linked to alcohol exposure. However, research shows that slight use of alcohol consumed in this critical period of the pregnancy can significantly affect the appearance of the newborn baby. So, it is the need of the hour to educate women about fundamental things like pregnancy and alcohol addiction during pregnancy and how to avoid alcohol consumption.

In an investigation of the issue, in the Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, clinicians tracked down that each drink a lady consumes during the first trimester results in quite a while, including:

  • A 25% expansion in the danger of lip anomalies
  • A 12% increment in the danger of head size irregularities
  • A 16% expansion in the danger of low birth weight
  • The expanded danger of related neurological issues

The researchers about pregnancy and alcohol rush to bring up that not all children brought into the world to moms who drink build up these issues. Regularly, fetal alcohol condition manifestations create because of the impact of hereditary qualities along with the introduction of alcohol. Yet, considers like this do propose that even modest quantities of alcohol consumption during this essential phase of pregnancy could profoundly affect the manner in which an infant looks, and the drinking may even impact the capacity of the kid to function at a reasonable level as a grown-up.

Ladies who decide to knock back the firewater during this essential time, in any case, may do a lot of harm to the hidden hardware of the cerebrum and sensory system, as indicated by research distributed by the 168-174.htm” National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

In the investigation, researchers recommend that heavy alcohol consumption during the principal trimester brings about little mind size, modified cerebrum hardware and loss of explicit kinds of nerve cells. A portion of that harm may not get clear until the youngster is more seasoned, but on the other hand it’s not the kind of harm that can be basically overlooked or worked through.

According to research published by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, women who drink alcohol during this critical period can cause significant hazards to the development of the fetus’s circulatory system, nervous system, and brain.

Drinking during this time will harm the baby’s brain development, making him or her sick and causing them to live a difficult life as a unique child when they enter this cruel world. Some studies conducted, about during the first trimester. According to the results, pregnancy and alcohol abuse causes brain shrinkage, impaired brain circuitry, and nerve cell loss. Some of the harm may not be apparent until the child reaches its late stages of life.

Probabilities of the Second Trimester

While the first three months of the expecting period are the most critical for the women habitual to drinking, the next three months have their consequences and dangers.

As per the study carried by doctors under the English  Born in Bradford, research projects show that the women who consume even a moderate quantity of alcohol in their second trimester have 68% more chances of giving birth to the child smaller than the average human baby.

Newborns who are born smaller face a more challenging time regulating their body temperatures and need special health assistance by keeping them in special care units in hospitals. Breathing problems and brain defects are more common in very young infants.

Many women are conscious about their pregnancy during the second trimester, and they are likely to be even more able to take care to protect their children. These shifts in the Long bone and pelvic departures may cause physical discomfort, and some women may find it difficult to sleep through the night during this time. Alcohol may appear to be the leading solution to the problems mentioned above, and the women who are addicted to it may feel that they need it to relax. But this momentary relaxation that a mother is seeking can be life-threatening for the unborn child. The addiction is termed so because it compels one to use or consume the drug repeatedly without even caring about the consequences. Suppose you are suffering from this try to control the temptation, especially in this precious time of a women’s life. If self-control seems impossible or you ask for a lot, don’t feel shy to ask for help; many professionals help such individuals. So, again it is important to understand the risky relationship between pregnancy and alcohol abuse during the second trimester too.

Probabilities of the Third Trimester

Although a fetus goes through very few developmental changes, this is when the lungs mature. The baby gains weight, which helps with thermoregulation. The kids born during this period do not face significant survival threats; however, they have to spend a lot of time in hospital away from the warmth of a house, and they may have slight scarring that will affect their adult development—discovered binge eating during the third trimester to be harmful to the baby. Significantly increases the risk of preterm delivery.

According to a study in the American Journal of Epidemiology, women who drank during pregnancies are more likely to deliver their babies prematurely, and those babies are more likely to have a variety of problems after they are born. 

Overall Probability

Many women do not realize the serious health effects of alcohol. The chemical compounds in alcohol can pass through the placenta into the bloodstream and potentially affect the growing fetus. Women suffering from alcohol abuse may also cause congenital disabilities such as cleft palate or brain defects. Some babies may be underdeveloped or have mental or physical handicaps that can be passed on to the next generation. Although not every case of alcohol abuse results in death, many pregnant women wind up suffering from such problems later in life.

Pregnant women face unique risks because they are at greater risk of complications during their pregnancy. Pregnant women who abuse alcohol are more likely to have miscarriages or stillborn babies. They are also at a higher risk of contracting infections such as HIV and hepatitis. Alcohol use can also pose a risk for women who are undergoing invasive surgical treatments.


As a result, treatment centers for alcohol abuse are seeing more women for help. Women suffering from alcohol problems are more likely to seek help on their own or are having trouble finding a good program. Unfortunately, there are still many women out there who are unaware that treatment centers provide effective alcohol rehabilitation programs. If you are a woman struggling with pregnancy and alcohol at the same time, you need to make sure you find the right rehabilitation center for you and your child.


If you are a woman in this situation and are thinking of giving up alcohol altogether, it would be best to explore all of the different options available to you. The first thing you should do before you even consider seeking help from a professional is consulting with your doctor. You can get a full physical examination to see what your body is going through and the possible causes of your drug abuse. Once you know the exact cause of your drinking problem, then you can begin to consider the different ways that you can overcome your addiction.
A good way to learn about all of the different options for overcoming alcoholism is to speak with your loved ones who have dealt with similar issues. They can provide you with some great pointers for overcoming alcoholism or learning how to deal with your pregnancy and alcohol abuse. It is important to realize that there will be some painful emotions involved in learning how to overcome your addiction to alcohol. However, if you truly want to be an alcohol non-drinker, you need to take action now.

In adding to the dangers previously mentioned, newborn babies to alcoholic mommies may suffer from the following:

  • Heart problems
  • Visual impairment
  • Defects in hearing
  • Failure to thrive
  • Failure of Organ
  • Disabilities in Learning
  • The Insomnia
  • Issues in behaviour

Many factors influence whether a woman will get alcohol during pregnancy and how much she will get. One of the biggest influences on this comes from the social activities women choose to do and their pregnancy. Social activities that involve alcohol consumption include drinking in a group, binge drinking at parties, drinking while using illegal drugs such as marijuana, and consuming with friends.

Other common social activities that can lead to alcohol use include:

  • Casual dating
  • Going out with friends to do drinking competitions
  • Attending night clubs with male friends

Alcohol abuse also increase during times of transition and change. Many pregnant women tend to feel overwhelmed and unhappy in their bodies, particularly during these times. Binge drinking is a common solution to feelings of sadness and failure. Many women binge drink because they feel like they cannot handle their emotions any other way. When women struggling with alcohol abuse during pregnancy feel depressed and helpless, they may turn to drink to feel better.

In addition to condition of pregnancy and alcohol abuse, alcohol use may increase when women are not emotionally available. These include cases where women are losing a loved one and are withdrawing from friends and family. This type of emotional distance can lead to drinking. Besides, a pregnant woman may choose to drink to comfort herself during the difficult pregnancy stages, which may cause her to develop an addiction to alcohol abuse. Women may also choose to drink to self-medicate for pain during labor and birth or ease the new baby’s discomfort.

Pregnancy and alcohol abuse also increases the possibility of having a miscarriage. Women who drink regularly have a greater chance of having a miscarriage. Alcohol abuse and addiction can also affect the development of the fetus. If a woman is drinking, she may be putting her child at risk for some types of congenital disabilities.

Pregnancy and alcohol can also create potentially devastating effects for the infant. Research has shown that some forms of alcohol abuse, such as beer, can affect a developing fetus’s developing brain. Women who are drinking may unknowingly cause their child to be underweight or experience stunted growth. Women who are drinking may also have greater chances of suffering from complications during childbirth, resulting in premature death for the mother.

Because they are worried and easily agitated and challenging to calm, parenting these babies can be challenging. They may also have difficulty growing and staying warm, demanding extra care for survival. When faced with these persistently disturbed children, alcoholic women may feel compelled to drink again simply because they are under a great deal of stress and lack the skills to handle the burden gracefully. The temporary relief of stress or tension can lead to permanent distress in the form of an unhealthy kid to support and take care of while watching him suffer in all kinds of pain. It’s always better to break the cycle by dealing with the addiction before the baby is born. Stopping alcohol abuse may reduce the amount of harm the baby experiences, and the mother may be better able to provide adequate child-care.

Various Therapy Options for Pregnancy and Alcohol Abuse

Primary care doctors, according to them, are often involved in long-term care; they are in a unique position to assist intoxicated patients.

An article published in The American Journal of Medicine suggests that primary care doctors are in a perfect position in which to help their alcoholic patients, as they’re often involved in long-term care over the lifespan.

If the intoxicated woman refuses to change and her family needs help, an interventionist may be a valuable friend. The family can publicly air their concerns during an intervention and rely on someone skilled in the field of addiction rehabilitation. These professionals’ interactions can be compelling. They may even persuade an alcoholic to seek treatment, even though they have previously refused all attempts to seek help for a substance abuse problem.

After an effective intervention, the individual is advised to enroll in a structured addiction treatment program. Such services may be delivered in an inpatient regime, allowing the woman to escape her daily life stresses. On the other hand, outpatient treatment allows some women to stay at home and prepare to welcome the new life in this world and protect it while it is in the womb. As the protection during this time will eradicate the need for special treatment to the children for the coming life and enable them to live a normal human life. Therefore, both pregnancy and alcohol abuse are deeply linked.