Insomnia disorder is characterized as a recurrent problem with sleep initiation, maintenance, consolidation, or quality that occurs despite sufficient sleep time and opportunity and causes some sort of daytime disability. Up to 95% of Americans have experienced insomnia at some stage in their lives.
Insomnia disorder disrupts your everyday routines and can cause you to feel tired or unrested throughout the day. Sleeping disorders, or insomnia, are psychological afflictions where an individual has a hard time falling asleep at night, staying asleep throughout the night, or both. Several Americans suffer from this condition, and the effects of insomnia disorder can have long-lasting effects and may lead to various health problems as a result.
There are a lot of risks associated with insomnia. About ten per cent of American adults over the age of 18 have experienced insomnia disorder or their loved ones.National Institute on Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
They Can Include:
- High rate of accidents
- Increased rates of depression
- Increased rates of related mental health disorders
- High medical costs.
There is an increasing awareness of the adverse health consequences that may arise from repeated abuse of drugs and alcohol on patients with insomnia disorders and addiction to either of them. People with insomnia will turn to drug and alcohol abuse to avoid these harmful habits or have their physicians prescribe them drugs to make them sleep. As both drugs and alcohol can have a significant negative effect such as abuse and addiction on both the body and mind, not to mention that they can also cause insomnia disorder, it is crucial to intervene sooner rather than later for the sake of overcoming both these issues.
There are two main types of short-term insomnia disorder, those induced by changes in your routine, those caused by stress or those caused by your environment. Depending on the severity, it may last several weeks to as many as several months. The condition of chronic insomnia (long-term insomnia disorder) is defined as sleep difficulties that cannot be fully explained by another medical condition or medication and occur three nights a week or more for three months or longer.
The Risk Factors of Insomnia Disorders
Because of your age, family history and genetics, climate or occupation (work), lifestyle, stress or worrying about sleep, or sex, you might be at a higher risk of insomnia.
- Age Insomnia disorder can occur at any age, but your chances of having it increase as you get older.
- Family history and genetics Your genes may raise your risk of insomnia disorder as insomnia sometimes runs in families. Your genes may also affect whether you are a deep or light sleeper.
- Environment or occupation Your sleep-wake cycle can be disrupted by the following:
- Shift or night work
- Noise or light during the night
- Uncomfortably high or low temperatures
- Travelling frequently to different time zones
- Lifestyle habits can raise your risk of sleep problems.
- Following an irregular sleep schedule or changing your normal routine often can cause insomnia disorder.
- Experiencing interruptions in your sleep, such as waking up often to care for a baby
- Frequently taking long naps during the day
- Getting too little physical activity during the day
- Using caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, or illegal drugs
- Watching TV or using electronic devices close to your bedtime
- Stress or worrying about school or work, relationships, money, or the death of a loved one raises the risk of insomnia.
- Sex Insomnia disorder is more common in women than in men. Feeling uncomfortable and experiencing hormone changes during pregnancy and menopause can cause problems with sleep.
What Amount of Sleep Do You Require?
Everyone requires varying sleep time.
- Adults require seven to nine hours
- Children need nine to thirteen hours
- Toddlers as well as babies require twelve to seventeen hours
If you’re always exhausted throughout the day, you’re probably not getting enough sleep.
The Signs and Symptoms of Insomnia Disorder
Several articles have stated that insomnia is a more serious disease that requires treatment for a long period of sleep disorders persist for a long period. Following the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute,
Some of The Signs of A Heart Attack or Stroke Include:
- Short periods of sleep
- Getting up in the middle of the night
- Being up all night long
- Waking too early
- Feeling tired after working.
How You Can Deal Insomnia Disorder on Your Own
Changing your sleeping habits normally helps with insomnia.
What You Should Do
- Every day, go to sleep and wake up at the same time.
- Relax for at least an hour before going to sleep, for instance, by bathing or reading a book.
- Use ear plugs, curtains, blinds or eye masks if appropriate to keep your bedroom dark and quiet.
- Exercise on a regular basis
- Ensure that your pillows, mattress and blankets are all comfortable.
What You Should Not Do Incase of Insomnia Disorder
- At least six hours before sleeping, don’t smoke or drink tobacco, tea, or coffee.
- At a late hour, don’t consume a huge meal.
- don’t exercise for at least four hours prior to going to bed
- Do not use electronic devices such as smartphones or watch television just before bedtime since you will be kept awake by the dazzling light
- Taking a nap during daytime is not a smart idea.
- When feeling drowsy, don’t drive.
- Stick with your normal sleeping hours rather than of sleeping in after a poor night’s sleep.
All of the above factors have been empirically recorded to reduce or put and end to insomnia disorder. Your doctor can inquire about your sleeping habits and recommend that you keep a sleep journal in order to diagnose insomnia disorder. Good lifestyle patterns such as a daily sleep schedule, cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia, and medications to help you treat your insomnia might be recommended by your doctor.
Sleep Disorders and Substance Abuse Subtypes
The majority of common mental illnesses, including depression, anxiety, and PTSD, are related to insomnia disorder, and drug abuse disorders are not left out. The correlation may be complicated and bidirectional: drug use can lead to insomnia, but sleep problems can also increase the risk of substance abuse and addiction. Addiction experts are paying more attention to subjects surrounding sleep and also considering ways to deal with sleep disruption in opioid use in turn insomnia disorder prevention and treatment as they understand the significance of this once-overlooked aspect. Most types of substance abuse severely disrupt the brain’s sleep-regulating systems, affecting latency, sleep duration, and quality of sleep. During withdrawal, drug users often experience insomnia, whereby drug cravings are fueled, and relapse is a possibility. Furthermore, the importance of sleep in consolidating new memories cannot be overstated, poor sleep quality may make it more difficult to learn new coping and self-control skills that are needed for recovery.
We are beginning to understand various neurobiological mechanisms that seem to link the use of drugs to insomnia disorder. To understand the connection between the consequences of drug abuse and struggle insomnia, such as sleep disorders and poor sleep patterns, for example, dopamine is necessary. However, dopamine is a neurotransmitter found throughout the body and plays an important role in controlling alertness and sleep-wake cycles. Addictive effects of drugs have been attributed to their overt or indirect activation of the dopamine pathway. Dopaminergic medications fight sleep disorders like narcolepsy and arousal problems, including cocaine abuse, which causes severe sleep disturbances. Lack of sleep makes people impulsive, prone to drug use, and down-regulated dopamine receptors.
The causal relationship between insomnia disorder and drug misuse/addiction can also go the other way. Insomniacs may self-medicate their sleep problems with alcohol or other relaxing drugs such as benzodiazepines, which may increase their risk of substance abuse. They may also take stimulant drugs to make up for effects of insomnia disorder during the day. Impaired sleep may increase the risk of drug use in other ways, such as by impairing cognition. As a result, sleep disturbances and other obstacles to having enough sleep should be targeted as preventive targets.
Drug or alcohol misuse, as well as sleep disorders such as insomnia, are commonly related. Alcohol abuse and other drug misuse, especially cocaine and crystal meth, may cause insomnia disorder in most people. Attempts to treat insomnia with addictive sleep aids such as Ambien or sedating substances such as alcohol or benzodiazepines have contributed to the epidemic of sleeping disorders among the elderly.
The occurrence of insomnia disorders is associated with a multitude of factors, including mental health problems. New York State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services cites the following types of disorders as being affected by these conditions:
Those who suffer from these conditions tend to be at a greater risk of dependency since their symptoms are usually associated to them and insomnia disorder, making them more likely to take drugs to treat insomnia.
Sleeping Pill Addiction
Those who suffer from insomnia disorder, regardless of the cause, can develop a dependency on any drug prescribed to help them fall or stay asleep. Despite the fact that these drugs are only meant to be taken for a few days, some patients tend to take for a prolonged period, building a resistance that enables patients to consume more pills to feel the effects.
Dependence on these drugs, like Ambien, widely prescribed sleep aids, can result in a slew of unwanted effects with mild symptoms of insomnia disorder. There are a limited number of patients with partial arousal that does occur during sleep. Such patients get up during sleeping hours to do such things as drive , cook , eat or move belongings when they sleep or have sex at night.
Dual Diagnosis Rehabilitation: Insomnia Disorder and Substance Abuse
The presence of both a substance misuse and addiction and a insomnia disorder can be evident, Dual Diagnosis is recommended, an approach in which both disorders are treated aggressively. If you need information concerning co-occurring disorders and would like to be treated then call us through the number above to get more help. insomnia disorders should not be a worry.
Ben Lesser is one of the most sought-after experts in health, fitness and medicine. His articles impress with unique research work as well as field-tested skills. He is a freelance medical writer specializing in creating content to improve public awareness of health topics. We are honored to have Ben writing exclusively for Dualdiagnosis.org.