What is the Dare Program and How Does it Work?

Last Updated on May 14, 2021 by

DARE Program stands for Drug Abuse Resistance Education Program and is an acronym in the field of public health. This is a drug education program initiated by the Department of Education and other law enforcement and schools to help educate students on the dangers of drug use. There is some debate on whether the DARE program worked because it was a conventional method of informing the youths about the dangers of drug abuse.

It is important for young people who participate in the DARE program to retain their knowledge and pass that knowledge on to others before they develop. In addition to the program, several other organizations promote it even though people think the program fails to prove its claims. Statistics suggest, however, that for many understudy respondents, the DARE program seems to have been of little impact. The results of the California Department of Education’s examination found that 40% of students said the program didn’t greatly impact them. Many respondents were of the opinion that program leaders were biased.

The Start

With the passing of the Without Drug Schools and Communities Act by the U.S. Congress in 1986, the DARE program expanded to the rest of the country quickly after it began in Los Angeles in the mid-1980s. Schools implemented the program throughout the U.S. By the 1990s, and the DARE program was being used at educational institutions, which likely was the ideal location to utilize it. There is no doubt that this is a far-reaching objective for young people, but that did not mean that the designers fully considered the scheme’s intricacies.

How DARE Program Works 

Over the past three decades, educators and students of DARE program have relied on the simple message to maintain its cultural relevance. Its slogan of “Simply Say No” has made it popular with youth and adults alike. Despite this information, one cannot be certain that the words to this effect can be trusted. Due to this, schools are growing tired of the DARE program and later removed it from schoolchildren’s experience. The organization subsequently tried to refocus attention on character development and away from drugs. Decreased school investment led to a drastic income shortage. In 2002, its income was $10 million, but by 2010, it had fallen to just $3.7 million. 

The Ordinary DARE Program Goes on For 17 Weeks and Incorporates the Accompanying Organized Lessons: 

  • Individual rights and general security rehearses. 
  • The harmful impacts of drug use, abuse or abuse 
  • Consequences of drug and alcohol use behaviors 
  • Managing various types of strain to utilize drugs or alcohol 
  • Friend pressing factor and how to oppose it 
  • Confidence building works out. 
  • The most effective method to be decisive in circumstances that warrant it 
  • Stress management methods that do exclude substance use 
  • Impact of substance abuse by radio, T.V., film, music and different types of media 
  • Settling on the correct choices and the results of participating in hazard taking behaviors 
  • Options in contrast to participating in substance use or abuse 
  • Positive good examples that don’t utilize drugs 
  • Emotionally supportive networks and companionship barriers 
  • Posse movement, membership and the consequences of both 
  • Survey time of the DARE program 
  • The conversation period on protecting yourself from being influenced to consume drugs is conducted every day. 
  • We conducted a study in which understudies were asked to refrain from drug use during a grant program assembly. 

Exercise DARE programs for students in kindergarten through fourth grade focus more on individual wellbeing than anything else. The exercises will continue to build upon that by targeting more difficult, similar anger management and coping strategies without incorporating self-medication and substance abuse. It doesn’t seem to be increasing viability presently. 

Objections

Various investigations have produced results that don’t uphold the program as a drug abuse impediment. The aftereffects of more than 30 such examinations note that DARE program didn’t serve to hinder understudies from utilizing drugs for the time being, nor when they arrived at their secondary school or college years. Referring to negligible impacts on drug use, one investigation noticed a diminished probability of using took in educational plans from the DARE program over time. In 1994, the primary investigation of its sort called attention to possibly meagre benefits when it came to momentary reductions in DARE program understudies’ tobacco utilization. Still, Maryjane and alcohol use didn’t decrease. 

With regards to pot explicitly, 5.8 per cent of eighth-graders, 13.8 per cent of tenth graders, and 19.4 per cent of seniors were utilizing it in 2008. Only five years after the fact, those figures expanded to 7 per cent, 18 per cent, and 22.7 per cent. 

Another investigation created disturbing outcomes, with DARE program understudies showing a 29 per cent increment in drug use and 34 per cent increment in tobacco use. Maybe quite possibly the most dampening examines completed on the DARE program was one that traversed over ten years. Members rounded out a study on their substance use when they were ten years of age and again when they were 20 years of age. The individuals who completed program were no more averse to smoke cannabis or tobacco, drink alcohol, utilize illegal drugs, or succumb to peer pressure than their non-DARE program peers. Much more troubling, the individuals who took an interest in the program correlated with a high occurrence of low confidence later in life. 

A few DARE program enemies have addressed whether the officials instructing the exercises are the best for the job and if their preparation is sufficiently broad. There has been discussion of a joint exertion later on by law and addiction experts, like counsellors. Still, until further notice, the previous continues to instruct the majority all alone. By 2013, about 70,000 officials had been DARE program educators. 

Hecht and Miller operator Day have composed a few of the handful of studies that exhibited the DARE program’s viability and convinced the DARE program logical warning board to embrace it. The biggest one, published by Hecht, Mill operator Day and their colleagues in 2003, requested 6,000 understudies to round out polls about their alcohol, tobacco, and Maryjane utilization at a few focuses over two years. The reports from understudies who completed keeping’ it Genuine demonstrated that they examined these substances, not exactly those in a control gathering, and utilized a more extensive assortment of methodologies to remain sober. Their antidrug mentalities were additionally bound to stick over the long haul. A subset of that review with 1,300 understudies who were at that point utilizing drugs showed that the program diminished substance use at a rate that was 72% higher than the control gathering. Steven West, a rehabilitation counsellor at Virginia Commonwealth College who once published a meta-analysis showing DARE program to have negligible impacts, is encouraged by these outcomes. “They are going the correct course currently—it’s based in science,” West says. 

Richard Clayton, a resigned anticipation researcher some time ago of the College of Kentucky, was likewise once a frank pundit of DARE program but has since been responsible for some science-based upgrades to the DARE program after it welcomed him to join its board of chiefs and seat its logical warning council, which is presently stacked with avoidance researchers. “They tuned in to the thought that comes from the writing that you should be intelligent—not pedantic addressing,” he says. “I think what they’ve done is quite stunning.” 

West and Clayton likewise contend that the DARE program merits saving because it has built a remarkable organization of schools and police headquarters that have demonstrated willingness to cooperate to encourage children to lead shrewd, healthy lives. With that network solidly set up, DARE program the biggest responsibility is tracking down the best method to give it something to do. “We need to be on the forefront of research and science,” says John Lindsay, a territorial chief for DARE program. America. “On the off chance that you believe in that, you can’t simply talk the discussion; you need to walk the walk—and I feel that is the thing that we’ve done in the course of the most recent couple of years.”

To Be Ensured as A DARE Program Teacher, Officials Should Go Through in Any Event 80 Hours of Preparing in The Accompanying Departments: 

  • Techniques for educating 
  • Communication abilities 
  • Young adult development 
  • Drug data 
  • Study hall management 
  • Broad course on the DARE program’s 17 lessons

Overall Effectiveness

With expert assistance, addiction can be impossible to recover from without physical and psychological dependence on a substance. It may be even more so for young people who are addicted. Despite promising beginnings, the DARE program has been at the border of success and disappointment in curbing drug abuse. Among students taking the program classes, a 50 per cent decrease in their risk of high-risk drug use has been noticed. On the other hand, the research is prolific and is focusing in the opposite direction. The study in the journal Canadian Medicine reported a 59 per cent increase in the use of illicit drugs by secondary school seniors between 1992 and 1995 and saw a 92 per cent increase in the number of eighth-grade students who were expected to use weed in their lifetimes between 1991 and 1995. 

Thus, the number of people being served by DARE program increased, but what exactly was it contributing to?

There Are Several Sobering Statistics Regarding Young People in The U.S., and They Include the Following: 

  • The American Society of Addiction Medicine (A.S.A.M.) has stated that 36% of adolescents in the United States are currently using alcohol when they reach their eighth-grade year. 
  • Over 71% of teenage youth have used alcohol by the time they reach their senior year of high school.
  • Over 21% of eighth-graders have abused illegal drugs by the time they reach their twenties.
  • By 12 grade, this percentage spikes to 48 per cent.

Taking a Step Towards the Future

By the end of the decade, DARE program had been implemented in schools across the United States. Just two states stayed in the program, leaving just 48 states using it. Moreover, in the meantime, more than 200 million young people have been involved in the DARE program. One hundred fourteen million of them are Americans. At present, 53 countries are participating in the program.

For seventh-graders, the DARE program model changed — it became Keepin’ it REAL. It targets youths matured 12 to 14. Instead of officials setting the pace, better study hall guidance is imparted over ten weeks, accompanied by after-school sessions to reinforce the learning.

The DARE program advanced toward fifth and sixth graders by 2013. The plan targeted substance abuse and diminished substance abuse by constructing educational components designed by real experts who conducted tests that improved participant outcomes. In one study, a “significantly greater rate of substance use reduction was seen in the Keeping it Genuine group” than the control group, “a 72% decrease in substance use was noted.” 

DARE program uses a broad-based approach instead of relying on alarm strategies and passive “simply say no” approaches to reach out to children of a wide age range. Also, it eliminates the popularized belief that drugs are everywhere and the myth that “everyone” uses them – a misconception embraced by the mainstream media. Contrary to popular belief, not everyone does. A study of American secondary school seniors from Consequence of Observing the Future shows that 53.3 per cent surveyed have never used drugs.

Procedures 

We conducted computer searches of the ERIC, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases in pre-winter 2002 to obtain articles for the current investigation. What’s more, we evaluated the reference arrangements of the procured articles for other expected sources. We at first investigated approximately 40 articles from these endeavours; 11 examinations showing up in writing from 1991 to 2002 met our three incorporation rules, which were as per the following: 

The research was accounted for in a friend explored diary; reports from papers/theories, books, and unpublished compositions were excluded. We chose this basis, trying to guarantee incorporation of just those investigations with thorough approaches. As noticed, a past meta-analysis of Task DARE program included research from nonreviewed sources, a reality that pundits have recommended may have added blunder to the announced findings.8 

The research incorporated a control or comparison gathering (i.e., the research probably elaborate on an experimental or semi-experimental plan). 

The research included both preintervention and postintervention evaluations of, in any event, 1 of 3 key variables: alcohol use, unlawful drug use, and tobacco use. We decided to incorporate just those impact estimates that concerned genuine substance use behaviours since the genuine trial of a substance use avoidance exertion affects real paces of utilization.

Our outcomes confirm the discoveries of a past meta-analysis3, demonstrating that Undertaking DARE program is inadequate. This isn’t unexpected, given the substantial data developed over the previous decade with that impact. Pundits of the current analysis may contend that, notwithstanding the extent of our discoveries, the course of the impact of DARE program was, for the most part, certain. While this is the situation, it ought to be accentuated that the impacts we found didn’t contrast fundamentally from the variety one would expect by some coincidence. According to Cohen’s guidelines,13, the impact size we obtained would have been multiple times bigger to be considered even little. Given the tremendous consumptions on schedule and cash engaged with DARE program, no doubt, continued endeavors should zero in on different methods and programs that may create more substantial impacts.

Possibility for Change

In its new configuration, the DARE program offers a chance for the program to continue developing. This being said, there should be provision made for students to be instructed particularly about the issues directly relevant to their lives in their early years. Half of those suffering from mental illnesses are also addicted. Addiction usually affects children at a very young age where they do not comprehend the problems. Therefore, DARE program participants should get information on mental health.

The more content students receive this way, the more easily they will relate to more advanced students in the real world. In the Keeping’ It Real adaptation of the curriculum, there is more probability that students will relate to more advanced students. In addition to the fact that the data was not covered in the previous version, the new version did not cover any information concerning these databases. Many DARE programs are not realistic, no matter their new names or scopes, which could be a sign of unacceptable behavior regarding substance abuse. 

Among the children in this study, one child has an outstanding behaviour problem. Among long term olds, the third driving reason for death is suicide. The American Academy of Pediatrics has reported that 6.6 % of high school seniors have attempted suicide, 14.5 % have attempted it, and of those enrolled in the DARE program under the age of 18 have attempted it as well. 

With the high likelihood that youth will continue to abuse drugs in the absence of the Keeping’ it Genuine DARE program, the program should likely be continued. There is no disputing that drug abuse counteraction strategies rank highly on the list of the best use of public funds, even if some argue that they cost $1 billion to $2 billion. Still, audits from 2015 suggest that they remain viable. Several factors play a role in determining if someone becomes a junkie or a rabid fan to the detriment of their health. As long as someone is involved with DARE program, there is a good chance they will change their behavior in the future. 

DARE Program Alternatives

Several choices are available today for people. ALERT students are taught how to develop resistance techniques, including reasons for abstaining from drugs and alcohol usage. Before the current DARE program, the students tended to be between 10 and 14. There is an underestimation of the risk of children between the ages of two and twelve years being influenced by substance abuse, particularly if the family is using substances itself. The DARE program is called Reinforcing Families, which aims to build a sense of protection, confidence and love in children that are not already present in their families. 

Despite this, the country continues to battle substance abuse and alcoholism at a high rate. Several studies by the National Institute of Drug Abuse have found that there are approximately 23.5 million registered drug abusers in the country and that 23.7 million are under the care and supervision of substance abuse professionals. However, only 2.6 million out of the 23.5 million people received effective assistance. As no other methodology can be used, it is uncertain whether expanded acceptance of DARE program or another approach would prove helpful. The measurement results will eventually show themselves, regardless of how long they have taken.

Become familiar with how you can help your relative start the coordinated treatment interaction when you reach us at the telephone number 615-490-9376. We’re here to help on matters relating to DARE program and much more.

Citations

[1] “Is the DARE Program Good for America’s Kids (K-12)?.” (n.d.). ProCon. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[2] “Drug Abuse Resistance Education.” (n.d.). Crime Solutions. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[3] Reason Foundation. (2012 Dec 3). “DARE to Turn Focus Away From Drugs.” Opposing Views. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[4] “What is D.A.R.E.?” (n.d.). Mount Pleasant Police Department. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[5] “Drug Abuse Resistance Education.” (n.d.). Crime Solutions. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[6] “Is the DARE Program Good for America’s Kids (K-12)?: Pros and Cons.” (n.d.). ProCon. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[7] Clayton, R., Catarello, A., & Johnstone, B. “The Effectiveness of Drug Abuse Resistance Education (Project D.A.R.E.): 5-Year Follow-Up Results.”. Preventive Medicine. Via Challenging Dogma. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[8] Nordrum, A. “The New DARE Program—This One Works.” (2014 Sept 10). Scientific American. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[9] “DrugFacts: High School and Youth Trends.” (Jan 2014). National Institute on Drug Abuse. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[10] Ibid.

[11] Hanson, D.J., Ph.D. “Drug Abuse Resistance Education: The Effectiveness of DARE.” (n.d.). Alcohol Facts. Accessed November 30, 2014.

[12] Reaves, J. “Just Say No To DARE.” (2001 Feb 15). TIME Magazine. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[13] Ibid.

[14] “Is the DARE Program Good for America’s Kids (K-12)?.” (n.d.). ProCon. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[15] “Drug Abuse Resistance Education.” (n.d.). Crime Solutions. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[16] “Community DARE.” (1999 Jun 21). Bangor Daily News. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[17] Rosenbaum, D.P. & Hanson, G.S. “Assessing the Effects of School-Based Drug Education: A Six-Year Multilevel Analysis of Project D.A.R.E.” (1998 April 6). Schaffer Library of Drug Policy. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[18] Matheson, J.L. & McGrath, Jr., R.T. “Adolescent Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse.” (Aug 2012). Colorado State University. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[19] Ibid.

[20] Ibid.

[21] Ibid.

[22] “Drug Abuse Resistance Education.” (n.d.). Crime Solutions. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[23] “Is the DARE Program Good for America’s Kids (K-12)?.” (n.d.). ProCon. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[24] Ibid.

[25] “DARE.” (n.d.). University of Michigan. Accessed November 30, 2014.

[26] Nordrum, A. “The New DARE Program—This One Works.” (2014 Sept 10). Scientific American. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[27] “Keepin’ it REAL.” (n.d.). SAMHSA’s National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices. Accessed November 30, 2014.

[28] Nordrum, A. “The New DARE Program—This One Works.” (2014 Sept 10). Scientific American. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[29] Ibid.

[30] “For Youths: FAQ’s/Facts.” (n.d.). National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Inc. Accessed November 29, 2014.

[31] “Substance Abuse and Co-Occurring Disorders.” (n.d.). National Alliance on Mental Illness. Accessed November 28, 2014.

[32] “Child and Adolescent Mental Illness and Drug Abuse Statistics.” (n.d.). American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Accessed November 30, 2014.

[33] Ibid.

[34] Ibid.

[35] Riskind, J. “DARE Programs cost soars past $1 billion with little accounting.” (2002 Jun 30). The Center for Educational Research and Development. Accessed November 30, 2014.

[36] “Is the DARE Program Good for America’s Kids (K-12)?.” (n.d.). ProCon. Accessed November 29, 2014