Like social anxiety, anthropophobia is the fear or phobia of people. However, it is not the same as social anxiety, which is more of discomfort in social gatherings or groups. Anthropophobia’s symptoms can also manifest when the individual is with a single person. In certain instances, the fear of personal interaction with other people can get so overpowering that the individual will be reluctant to leave their house and instead isolate themselves, communicating with the outside world through written communication such as email, SMS, etc.
Social anxiety disorder appears in childhood in the majority of cases. 50% of patients who have this disorder developed it by the age of 11, and 80% of sufferers have manifested by the age of 20. Early-onset social anxiety may increase the likelihood of depression, substance abuse and psychical struggles like anthropophobia.
Anthropophobia was seen as a comparatively rare condition because prevalence statistics were taken only from psychiatric clinic cases. Contrary to that belief, social anxiety was later confirmed to be widespread; the patients were just not being reported, confirming the problem’s under-recognition.
National Comorbidity Survey studies reported prevalence rates of 7.9% and 13.3%, respectively, making Anthropophobia the third most common psychiatric disorder. Depression and alcohol abuse are the most common psychiatric disorders. According to data from the United States epidemiological database of the National Institute of Mental Health, social anxiety/phobia afflicts 15 million adults in America every year. Estimations range between 2 per cent and 7 per cent.
The average incipience age of social anxiety ranges from 10 to about 13 years. Late Onsets which arise after 25 years are rare, and these cases are usually preceded by frequent panic attacks or even major depression. According to studies Anthropophobia, the social anxiety disorder has been confirmed to affect more women than men.
Social anxiety’s predominance seems to rise with married, white, and well-placed individuals. Anthropophobia is the fear of a perceived risk. People who have generalized social anxiety are less likely to graduate from high school and are much more likely to be dependent on government assistance or take meagre wages. Results from studies taken in 2002 report that Wales, Scotland, and England’s juvenile population have a predominance rate of 0.6 %, 1.8 %, and 0.4 %, sequentially. In June of 2004, the Canada Statistics Agency reported that among Nova Scotians older than 14 years of age, the prevalence of self-diagnosed social anxiety disorder was 4.2%. Women had higher rates than men (3.8%). Anthropophobia was the most common anxiety disorder. Australia also reported social anxiety and phobia as the 8th and 5th most rampant disease among men and women between 15 and 24 years of age as of the year 2003.
The difficulty of distinguishing between social phobia and a lack of social ability, or even just shyness, is the reason why some studies present a more extensive range of prevalence rates of anthropophobia.
The Fear of Spontaneous Interpersonal Interaction
For People who have anthropophobia, intimacy and connection have an insignificant effect on their capacity to socialize with others; well-meaning relatives can also evoke the same tension and fear in the patient’s mind as with complete strangers. Patients suffering from social anxiety are at ease when speaking to a group and feel nervous if their anonymity is threatened with Anthropophobia.
Sociological Determinants that Relate to Social Anxiety Disorder Involve:
- A society’s approach to dealing with insecurity.
- Effecting the capacity to build relationships or obtain a job or an education.
- The things that are deemed Shameful.
Research has shown that various parenting strategies differ by cultural anthropophobia. For instance, American kids will be more predisposed to developing social anxiety disorder if their parents raised them, emphasizing other people’s opinions and using shame used as a disciplinary tactic. However, Chinese and Chinese-American children did not experience anthropophobia because of this.
Studies have shown that shy children are more accepted by their peers in China and are more likely to be picked for leadership positions, and are generally seen as competent people, a stark contrast to Western countries. Only demographic factors may be responsible for anthropophobia. People who struggle to develop social skills, also known as social fluency, may develop a social anxiety disorder due to a lack of confidence to interact with others, culminating in approval from others in the form of anthropophobia.
Anticipatory anxiety is among the significant symptoms of anthropophobia. A patient who struggles with this disorder might suffer a variety of anxiety symptoms if they believe they are going to have to interact with others in the near future.
Similarly, Anthropophobic Patients Will Experience Symptoms that can Include Some Combination of the Following when Engaging with Others Face to Face or Verbally:
- Sweat episodes
- Breathing difficulties
- Increased heart rate
- Sudden speech impediments
- Cognitive difficulties
- A sudden need to flee
Many who have anthropophobia often fear being judged by others, including those they trust and have known for years. It can elevate even the most mundane experiences into a heart-pounding experience.
Phobias and Drug Abuse
Anthropophobia is associated with anxiety, which can drive patients to seek solace in drugs and alcohol. Sometimes, they are prescribed sedatives and antidepressants to treat the anxiety whenever needed; unfortunately, many patients may overdose in the heat of panic. Alcohol or recreational marijuana may be taken to rid themselves of tension before undertaking a risky endeavor Anthropophobia.
Regrettably, Substance Abuse of Any Form can Aggravate the Discomfort Felt in Social Settings, Which can Lead to a Host of Problems, Including:
- The development of drug addiction
- Drug overdose
- Accidents that occur while under the influence
- Severe medical issues
- Severe health problems
Several social issues can emerge because of drug abuse, as well. Many people who are already struggling with social relationships may become entirely hindered by the separation that comes with substance and alcohol abuse, and challenges with sustaining work because of anthropophobia will only be worsened by drug abuse and addiction.
The first treatment strategy when dealing with anthropophobia is to place the patient on cognitive-behavioural therapy, with medicines called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, which are used for patients who do not want therapy. Self-help guides derived from the laws of CBT is an alternative line of treatment.
Some new studies advocate accepting and committing to a treatment plan when it comes to social anxiety or anthropophobia. The emphasis of ACT is to affirm uncomfortable symptoms without resisting them. It also emphasizes psychological flexibility to allow patients to readjust to various circumstances, readjust perspectives, and balance opposing wants or anthropophobia. ACT may also be used as an alternative strategy for treating this problem in cases where CBT doesn’t work.
Many Studies Have Proposed Social Skills Training as A Way to Alleviate Social Anxiety.
- Examples of these social skills include: starting and holding conversations, building friendships, speech construction and assertion skills.
- There has also been no indication if the development of social skills methods and discipline is necessary to improve overall social function as opposed to supporting social skills-based methods and discipline.
There is a class of drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, which are antidepressants. The most famous line of prescription for social phobia and general anxiety is the antidepressant. However, it has become a plan B course of action for people with anxiety problems.
However, when Compared to Previous Types of Drugs, There Is a Lower Chance of Intolerability and Dependency Connected to SSR Is.
- Paroxetine and paroxetine CR, Sertraline, Escitalopram, Venlafaxine XR and Fluvoxamine CR (Luvox CR) are the drugs that have been approved for treating Social Anxiety Disorder and are quite adequate particularly paroxetine.
- SSRIs are moderately useful in treating social anxiety, with fluoxetine being an exception as it was comparable to the placebo in the entirety of the clinical testings save for one. Paroxetine was proven to alter personality and greatly enhance extra version.
A placebo-regulated test, paroxetine, was conducted in 1995. The study found that the drug significantly improved about half of the patients with social anxiety disorder, compared with about 23.9% of patients who have only prescribed the placebo.
A study in 2004 generated comparable outcomes. Depending on their condition, patients were given either psychotherapy or fluoxetine and then a placebo for anthropophobia. The initial four patients recorded an enhancement in around 50.8 to 54.2% of the subjects. Of those patients who only received a placebo, 31.7% rated between 1 and 2 on the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement scale. Patients who saw no improvement in their anthropophobia despite using a combination of therapies and drugs did not seek a physician’s help.
Treatment Options for Anthropophobia
When treating a psychological health problem such as anthropophobia – particularly when it comes to drug abuse or alcohol addiction – it is essential to select a treatment plan that provides extensive and customized care. Because each person’s recovery obstacles are different, they would need various medical and psychotherapeutic support levels to overcome both illnesses. Give us a call on the phone number 615-490-9376 to know more concerning the Dual Diagnosis rehabilitation centers that are the best fit for you or your loved one to start their recovery process relating to anthropophobia.
Ben Lesser is one of the most sought-after experts in health, fitness and medicine. His articles impress with unique research work as well as field-tested skills. He is a freelance medical writer specializing in creating content to improve public awareness of health topics. We are honored to have Ben writing exclusively for Dualdiagnosis.org.