We all have times when we worry: about our personal relationships, our families, our jobs, our finances or our futures. But if you live in a constant state of worry that manifests itself in physical and psychological ways, you may be suffering from generalized anxiety disorder, or GAD. Some people who live with this psychiatric disorder report that they’ve lived with the condition since childhood, and that they’ve never felt free from the symptoms. Others lead normal lives until a major transition or a change in their health triggers GAD.
Generalized anxiety disorder is a common condition. The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that 3.1 percent of adults in the US have met the diagnostic criteria for GAD within the last year.
Out of this number, 32.3 percent suffer from severe anxiety. Unfortunately, less than half of the people (43.2 percent) who live with GAD receive treatment, which suggests that many of these individuals are self-medicating instead of getting the therapeutic care they really need.
If you’re like many people who struggle with fear and anxiety, you may use alcohol or drugs to ease your mind and steady your nerves. Although tranquilizers, pain medication or wine might seem like an effective solution to your worries, substance abuse only perpetuates the fears and anxieties that can turn a stable, secure life into a minefield of worry.
A feeling of dread, fear or worry that isn’t justified by reality is the hallmark sign of generalized anxiety disorder. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), published by the American Psychiatric Association, people who have experienced this state of mind for six months or more may have a clinical condition that requires professional treatment.
The signs and symptoms of this disorder show up in the way you think, feel and behave:
GAD may cause disturbing physical symptoms that worsen the anxiety, such as heart palpitations, tremors, chest pain or dizziness. People with GAD are easily startled and jumpy, reacting to everyday situations with an intensity that’s out of proportion. They find it very difficult to relax and may have trouble sleeping, which can lead to a state of mental and physical exhaustion.
Unlike people who have specific anxiety disorders, like social phobia or post-traumatic stress disorder, people with GAD experience anxiety all the time rather than in response to isolated situations. They live in a state of “free-floating” anxiety, which means that their attention drifts from one source of concern to another. Worries about their health may transition to fears about having enough health insurance, which may morph into fears about losing their job or getting a divorce. In most cases, these fears are greatly magnified and don’t reflect the reality of their lives.
The exact cause of GAD is still unknown. For many people, the condition is chronic, beginning in childhood or adolescence and continuing through adulthood. GAD may last for years, with symptoms improving or worsening depending on the individual’s circumstances. Some of the possible causes and risk factors include:
For many people with GAD, the cause of the disorder will remain a mystery; fortunately, the symptoms can be managed successfully with the right kind of treatment. If you’ve been using drugs or alcohol to calm your fears, you may also need treatment for substance abuse. By treating both the psychiatric disorder and the addiction, you’ll have a much better chance of leading the healthy, stable live you deserve.
The Anxiety and Depression Association of America estimates that 20 percent of those who have an anxiety disorder also have a substance abuse disorder. Because the symptoms of GAD may mimic some of the side effects of alcoholism or drug addiction, it may be hard to tell where one disorder ends and the other begins. Anxiety may be caused by the use of legal or illegal drugs, including:
Paradoxically, the drugs that you turn to when you’re anxious and worried can make your anxiety worse. You may experience anxiety as a direct result of using drugs, or as a result of the consequences of drug abuse.
The financial problems, health troubles, legal difficulties and relationship conflicts associated with substance abuse can cause your tension to escalate.
In some cases, generalized anxiety disorder goes undiagnosed because alcohol and drugs are used to mask the symptoms. If you drink or take tranquilizers on a regular basis in order to relax, you might not recognize your tension as a symptom of a serious psychiatric condition. Finding out that you have a treatable mental health disorder could be a tremendous relief for someone who’s been living with constant worry and stress.
At Foundations Recovery Network, we understand the importance of Dual Diagnosis treatment. Our exclusive treatment centers in Tennessee and Southern California are dedicated to treating individuals who suffer from co-occurring disorders. Based in Memphis, Malibu and Palm Beach, our facilities provide the very best in integrated care. Contact our intake team today to find out how a Dual Diagnosis recovery program could offer you new hope for the future.